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Surcoût des événements indésirables associés aux soins à l’hôpital

Sujets: Articles en ligne

Voici un article publié par l’IRDES (Institut de Recherche et Documentation en Économie de la Santé) en novembre 2011 :

Titre : Surcoût des événements indésirables associés aux soins à l’hôpital – Premières estimations à partir de neuf indicateurs de sécurité des patients

Nestrigue C; Or Z. DREES Etudes et Résultats 2011/11; 784: 1-8.


Résumé : Cette étude fournit de premières estimations nationales du coût de prise en charge d’une partie des événements indésirables associés aux soins qui surviennent à l’hôpital, en exploitant les données hospitalières collectées en routine. Neuf indicateurs de sécurité des patients, permettant d’identifier des événements indésirables nécessitant une attention particulière et sur lesquels il est possible d’intervenir en amont, ont été retenus. Les résultats montrent que 0,5 % des séjours hospitaliers sont associés à l’un ou l’autre de ces neuf événements indésirables. Il existe toutefois de fortes disparités de surcoûts, ceux-ci pouvant varier d’un peu plus de 500 euros pour les traumatismes obstétricaux à environ 20 000 euros pour les septicémies. Ces surcoûts sont étroitement corrélés avec la durée des séjours et l’intensité des soins. En 2007, le coût total de prise en charge de ces neuf événements indésirables est estimé à 700 millions d’euros, concentré à 90 % sur quatre événements indésirables (désordres physiologiques et métaboliques post opératoires, septicémies post opératoires, escarres, et embolies pulmonaires post opératoires). Les événements indésirables examinés dans cette étude sont associés à une augmentation significative du coût et de la durée de séjour à l’hôpital. Cette question nécessite donc d’être explorée dans la perspective d’améliorer la qualité des soins tout en renforçant le rapport coût-efficience des établissements.

Accès au texte intégral de cet article

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